Erica Lilleodden


Prof. Dr. Erica Lilleodden, Director

Research activities

  • nano and micromechanics of materials such as metals, ceramics, and composites
  • materials properties, especially in terms of deformation, damage evolution and fracture, e.g. for nanoporous materials
  • tailor-made materials for high performance applications and multi-scale materials systems


Academic/professional resume


Since 02/2022

Director, Fraunhofer IMWS


Piercey Visiting Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota, MN, USA

2014 – 2022

Professor for Experimental Nano- und Micromechanics, Institute of Advanced Ceramics, Hamburg University of Technology

2010 – 2021

Department Head, Department of Experimental Materials Mechanics, Institute of Materials Mechanics, Helmholtz-Zentrum hereon, Geesthacht

2006 – 2010

Group Leader, Nano and Micromechanics; Institute of Materials Research, GKSS Research Center (now Helmholtz-Zentrum hereon), Geesthacht

2004 – 2006

Guest Scientist & Humboldt Fellow, Institute for Materials Research, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (now Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)


Ph.D., Stanford University, Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Thesis: “Indentation-induced plasticity of thin metal films”, Stanford, CA, USA

2001 – 2004

Post-Doctoral Fellow, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBL), Berkeley, CA, USA


Visiting Student, Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), Livermore, CA, USA

1996 – 2001

Graduate Research Assistant, Stanford University, Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Stanford, CA, USA


Bachelor in Materialwissenschaften, University of Minnesota – Twin Cities, Minneapolis and Saint Paul, MN, USA





DGM Preis (Award of the German Association for Materials Research)


Awarded the 2020 Piercey Visiting Professorship in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota


Humboldt Fellowship




Gomez-Gomez, B. Winhard, E.T. Lilleodden, N. Huber, K. P. Furlan, “Unraveling the role of shell thickness and pore size on the mechanical properties of ceramic-based macroporous structures”, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 106 no. 2 (2023) 1273– 1286.


N. Huber, I. Ryl, Y. Wu, M. Hablitzel, B. Zandersons, C. Richert, E.T. Lilleodden, “Densification of nanoporous metals during nanoindentation: The role of structural and mechanical properties”, Journal of Materials Research (2023).


H. Ovri, J. Markmann, J. Barthel, M. Kruth, H. Dieringa, E.T. Lilleodden, “Mechanistic origin of the enhanced strength and ductility in Mg-rare earth alloys”, Acta Materialia, vol. 244 (2023) 118550.


A. Cornec, E.T. Lilleodden, “Numerical analysis of micropillar compression behaviour and stress-strain curve estimation verified on glass fused silica”, Materials Today Communications, Volume 33 (2022) 104971.


Liang, Z., Lilleodden, E.T., Ovri, H., Pyczak, F., “Surface Recrystallization in a Co-Based Superalloy During High Temperature Exposure”. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, vol. 53 (2022) 4156–4160.


Elder, K.L., Andrews, W.B., Ziehmer, M., Mameka, N., Kirchlechner, C., Davydok, A., Micha, J.S., Chadwick, A.F., Lilleodden, E.T., Thornton, K. and Voorhees, P.W., “Grain boundary formation through particle detachment during coarsening of nanoporous metals”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 118 no. 30 (2021).


C. Richert, Y. Wu, M. Hablitzel, E.T. Lilleodden, N. Huber, “Image segmentation and analysis for densification mapping of nanoporous gold after nanoindentation”, MRS Advances, vol. 6 no. 20 (2021) 519-523.


X. Zhang, E. Lilleodden, J. Wang, “Recent trends on studies of nanostructured metals”, MRS Bulletin, vol. 46 no. 3 (2021) 217-224.


M. Ziehmer, E.T. Lilleodden, “The isothermal evolution of nanoporous gold from the ring perspective – an application of graph theory”, Acta Materialia vol. 199 (2020) 669-679.


J. do Rosário, Y. Häntsch, G.A. Schneider, E.T. Lilleodden, “A combined compression and indentation study of mechanical metamaterials based on inverse opal coatings”, Acta Materialia vol. 195 (2020) 98-108.


M. Maghsoudi, M. Ziehmer and E.T. Lilleodden, “On the Influence of Twinning and Detwinning on the Deformation of Mg at the Micron Scale”, Materials Science and Engineering: A vol. 772 (2020) 138747.


Y. Wu, J. Markmann, E.T. Lilleodden, “Electro-chemo-mechanical coupling of nanoporous gold at the microscale, Applied Physics Letters 115 (2020) 251602.


H. Ovri, E.T. Lilleodden, “On the Estimation of Thermal Activation Parameters for Portevin–Le Chatelier Effect from Nanoindentation Data”, JOM 71 (2019) 3343-3349.


M.P. Hablitzel, E.T. Lilleodden, “On measuring the independent mechanical response of the polymer phase from nanoporous gold polymer composites”, Scripta Materialia 170 (2019) 67-70.


E. Larrson, D. Guersoy, F. De Carlo, E.T. Lilleodden, M. Storm, F. Wilde, K. Hu, M. Mueller, I. Greving, “Nanoporous gold: a hierarchical and multiscale 3D test pattern for characterizing X-ray nano-tomography systems”, Journal of Synchrotron Radiation vol. 26 (2019) 194-204.


H. Ovri, D. Steglich, H. Dieringa, E.T. Lilleodden, “Grain-scale investigation of the anisotropy of Portevin-Le Chatelier effect in Mg AZ91 alloy”, Materials Science and Engineering: A vol. 740 (2019) 226-234.


I. Greving, S. Flenner, E. Larsson, M. Storm, F. Wilde, E. Lilleodden, T. Dose, H. Burmester, L. Lottermoser, C. David, F. Beckmann, “Full-Field Hard X-Ray Microscope Designed for Materials Science Applications”, Microscopy and Microanalysis vol. 24 (S2) (2018) 228-229.


L. Wang, Z. Huang, H. Wang, A. Maldar, S. Yi, J.-S. Park, P. Kenesei, E. Lilleodden, X. Zeng, "Study of slip activity in a Mg-Y alloy by in situ high energy X-ray diffraction microscopy and elastic viscoplastic self-consistent modeling", Acta Materialia vol. 155 (2018) 138-152.


P.O. Guglielmi, M. Ziehmer, E.T. Lilleodden, “On a novel strain indicator based on uncorrelated misorientation angles for correlating dislocation density to local strength”, Acta Materialia vol. 150 (2018) 195-205.


E.T. Lilleodden P.W. Voorhees, “On the topological, morphological, and microstructural characterization of nanoporous metals”, MRS Bulletin vol. 43 (2018) pp. 20-26.


H. Ovri, E.T. Lilleodden, “Temperature dependence of plastic instability in Al alloys: A nanoindentation study”, Materials & Design vol. 125 (2017) pp. 69-75.


C. Mallmann, A. Simar, E. Ferrié, M. Fivel, E.T. Lilleodden , “of Y2O3 nanoparticles on the twinning of single crystalline magnesium “, Scripta Materialia vol. 138 (2017) pp. 79-82.


J.J. do Rosário, J. Berger, E.T. Lilleodden, R.M. McMeeking, G.A. Schneider, “The stiffness and strength of metamaterials based on the inverse opal architecture”, Extreme Mechanics Letters vol. 12 (2017) pp. 86-96.


M Ziehmer, K Hu, K Wang, ET Lilleodden, “A principle curvatures analysis of the isothermal evolution of nanoporous gold: Quantifying the characteristic length-scales”, Acta Materialia vol. 120 (2016) pp. 24-31.


K. Hu, M. Ziehmer, K. Wang, E.T. Lilleodden, “Nanoporous gold: 3D structural analyses of representative volumes and their implications on scaling relations of mechanical behaviour”, Philosophical Magazine vol. 96 (2016) pp. 3322-3335.


N. Mameka, K. Wang, J. Markmann, E.T. Lilleodden, J. Weissmüller, “Nanoporous Gold—Testing Macro-scale Samples to Probe Small-scale Mechanical Behavior”, Materials Research Letters vol. 4 (2016) 27-36.


L. Wang, J. Sabisch, E.T. Lilleodden, Kink formation and concomitant twin nucleation in Mg–Y, Scripta Materialia vol. 111 (2016) 68-71.


T.I.W. Schnoor, U. Vainio, L.H. Shao, E.T. Lilleodden, M. Müller, A. Schreyer, K. Schulte, B. Fiedler, “Nanostructured MWCNT/polypyrrole actuators with anisotropic strain response”, Advanced Engineering Materials vol. 18 (2016) 597–607.


J.J. do Rosário, E.T. Lilleodden, M. Waleczek, R. Kubrin, A.Y. Petrov, P.N. Dyachenko, J.E.C. Sabisch et al. "Self‐assembled ultra high strength, ultra stiff mechanical metamaterials based on inverse opals", Advanced Engineering Materials vol. 17 (2015) 1420-1424


H. Ovri, E.A. Jägle, A. Stark, A., E.T. Lilleodden, “Microstructural influences on strengthening in a naturally aged and overaged Al–Cu–Li–Mg based alloy”, Materials Science and Engineering: A, vol. 637 (2015) pp. 162-169.


H. Ovri, E.T. Lilleodden, “New insights into plastic instability in precipitation strengthened Al–Li alloys”, Acta Materialia vol. 89 (2015) pp. 88-97.


P.O. Guglielmi, E. G. Herbert, L. Tartivel, M. Behl, A. Lendlein, N. Huber, and E. T. Lilleodden. “Mechanical characterization of oligo (ethylene glycol)-based hydrogels by dynamic nanoindentation experiments", Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials vol. 46 (2015) pp. 1-10.


Ulla Vainio, Thea I. W. Schnoor, Sarathlal Koyiloth Vayalil, Karl Schulte, Martin Mueller, and Erica T. Lilleodden, “The orientation distribution of vertically aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 118 (2014) pp 9507–9513.


E. Husser, E. T. Lilleodden, S. Bargmann, “Computational modeling of intrinsically induced strain gradients during compression of c-axis-oriented magnesium single crystal”, Acta Materialia, vol. 71 (2014) pp. 206–219.


J. Hütsch, E.T. Lilleodden, “The influence of focused-ion beam preparation technique on microcompression investigations: lathe vs. annular milling”, Scripta Materialia, vol. 77 (2014) pp. 49–51.


D. Kupka, N. Huber, E.T. Lilleodden, “A combined experimental-numerical approach for elasto-plastic fracture of individual grain boundaries”, Journal of Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol. 64 (2014) pp. 455–467.


I. Knorr, N.M. Cordero, E.T. Lilleodden, C.A. Volkert, “Mechanical behavior of nanoscale Cu/PdSi multilayers”, Acta Materialia 61 (2013) pp. 4984–4995.


G.M. Erickson, B. Krick, M. Hamilton, G.R. Bourne, M.A. Norell, E. Lilleodden, W.G. Sawyer, “Complex dental structure and wear biomechanics in hadrosaurid dinosaurs” Science, vol. 338 (2012) pp. 98-101.


S. Homaeigohar, J. Koll, E.T. Lilleodden, M. Elbahri, “The solvent induced interfiber adhesion and its influence on the mechanical and filtration properties of polyethersulfone electrospun nanofibrous microfiltration membranes”, Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 98 (2012) pp. 456–463.


S. Bechtle, H. Özcoban, E.T. Lilleodden, N. Huber, A. Schreyer, J.A. Kieser, M.V. Swain, G.A. Schneider, “The hierarchical fracture properties of dental enamel”, J. Royal Society Interface, vol. 9 (2012) pp. 1265-1274.


S. Bechtle, H. Özcoban, E.D. Yilmaz, T. Fett, G. Rizzi, E.T. Lilleodden, N. Huber, A. Schreyer, M.V. Swain, G.A. Schneider, “A method to determine site-specific, anisotropic fracture toughness in biological materials”, Scripta Materialia, vol. 66 (2012) pp. 515-518.


D. Kupka, E.T. Lilleodden, “Mechanical testing of solid-solid interfaces at the microscale”, Experimental Mechanics, vol. 52 (2012) pp. 649-658.


J. Hapke, F. Gehrig, N. Huber, K. Schulte and E.T. Lilleodden, “In situ SEM microanalysis of compressive failure in UD-CFRP containing voids” Composite Science and Technology, vol. 71 (2011) pp. 1242–1249.


E.T. Lilleodden, “Microcompression study of Mg (0 0 0 1) single crystal”, Scripta Materialia, vol. 62 (2010) pp. 532-535.


A. A. Zbib, S. Dj. Mesarovic, E. T. Lilleodden, D. McClain, J. Jiao and D. F. Bahr, “The coordinated buckling of carbon nanotube turfs under uniform compression”, Nanotechnology vol. 19 (2008) pp. 175704 1-7.


W. D. Nix, J. R. Greer, Gang Feng and Erica T. Lilleodden, “Deformation at the nanometer and micrometer length scales: effects of strain gradients and dislocation starvation”, Thin Solid Films vol. 515 (2007) pp. 3152-3157.


C.V. Volkert and E.T. Lilleodden, “Size effects in the deformation of sub-micron Au pillars”, Philosophical Magazine vol. 86 (2006) pp. 5567-5579.


C.V. Volkert, E.T. Lilleodden, D. Kramer and J. Wiessmuller, “Approaching the theoretical strength in nanoporous Au”, Applied Physics Letters vol. 89 (2006) pp. 061920-1-3.


E.T. Lilleodden and W.D. Nix, “Microstructural length-scale effects in the nanoindentation behavior of thin gold films” Acta Materialia vol. 54 (2006) pp. 1583-1593.


R. Maass, D. Grolimund, S. Van Petegem, M. Willimann, M. Jensen, H. Van Swygenhoven, T. Lehnert, M.A.M. Gijs, C.A. Volkert, E.T. Lilleodden, R. Schwaiger, “Defect structure in micropillars using x-ray microdiffraction”, Applied Physics Letters, vol.89 (2006) pp. 151905-1-3.


A.M. Minor, E.T. Lilleodden, E.A. Stach and J.W. Morris, Jr., "Room temperature dislocation plasticity in silicon", Philosophical Magazine, vol. 85 (2005) pp. 323-330.


A.M. Minor, E.T. Lilleodden, E.A. Stach and J.W. Morris, Jr., "Direct observations of incipient plasticity during nanoindentation of Al ", Journal of Materials Research, vol. 19 (2004) pp.176-182.


E.T. Lilleodden, J.A. Zimmerman, S.M. Foiles and W.D. Nix, “Atomistic simulations of elastic deformation and dislocation nucleation during nanoindentation”, Journal of Mechanics and Physics of Solids, vol. 51 (2003) pp.901-920.


A.M. Minor, E.T. Lilleodden, E.A. Stach and J.W. Morris, Jr., "In situ transmission electron microscopy study of the nanoindentation behavioir or Al", Journal of Electronic Materials vol. 31 (2002) pp. 958-964.


A. Zagrebelny, E.T. Lilleodden, W.W. Gerberich and C.B. Carter, "Indentation of silicate-glass films on Al2O3 substrates", Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 82 (1999) pp. 1803-1808.


W.W. Gerberich, W. Yu, D. Kramer, A. Strojny, D. Bahr, E. Lilleodden and J. Nelson, “Elastic loading and elastoplastic unloading from nanometer level indentations for modulus determinations”, Journal of Materials Research, vol. 13 (1998) pp. 421-439.


S.G. Corcoran, R.J. Colton, E.T. Lilleodden and W.W. Gerberich, “Anomalous plastic deformation at surfaces: nanoindentation of gold single crystals”, Physics Review B, vol. 55 (1997) pp. R16057-R16060.


W.W. Gerberich, J.C. Nelson, E.T. Lilleodden, P. Anderson and J.T. Wyrobek, “Indentation induced dislocation nucleation: the initial yield point”, Acta Materialia, vol. 44 (1996) pp. 3585-3598.


E.T. Lilleodden, W. Bonin, J. Nelson, J.T. Wyrobek and W.W. Gerberich, "In situ imaging of µN load indents into GaAs”, Journal of Materials Research, vol. 10 (1995) pp. 2162-2165


M. Maghsoudi, G. Kim, Ziehmer and E.T. Lilleodden, “On the Influence of Twinning and Detwinning on the Deformation of Mg at the Micron Scale”, in Magnesium Technology 2020, J. Jordon, V. Miller, V. Joshi, N. Neelameggham (eds). The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series, Springer.


E. Lilleodden, J. Mosler, M. Homayonifar, M. Nebebe, G. Kim, N. Huber “Deformation behavior of Mg from micromechanics to engineering applications”, in Magnesium Technology 2011, W. H. Sillekens, S. R. Agnew, N. R. Neelameggham and S. N. Mathaudhu (eds). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA.


Gyu Seok Kim, Sangbong Yi, Yuanding Huang, Erica Lilleodden, “Twining and slip activity in magnesium <11-20> single crystal”, in Mechanical Behavior at Small Scales — Experiments and Modeling, edited by J. Lou, E. Lilleodden, B. Boyce, L. Lu, P.M. Derlet, D. Weygand, J. Li, M.D. Uchic, E. Le Bourhis (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 1224, Warrendale, PA, 2010), 1224-FF05-03.


T. Smorodin, J. Wilde, P. Nelle, E. Lilleodden, M. Stecher, "Modeling of DMOS subjected to fast temperature cycle stress and improvement by a novel metallization concept," in the Proceedings of the Reliability Physics Symposium 2008. IRPS 2008. IEEE International, pp. 689-690.


A. A. Zbib, S. Dj. Mesarovic, D. F. Bahr, E. T. Lilleodden, J. Jiao and D. McClain, ”Indentation response of nanostructured turfs”, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Fundamentals of Nanoindentation and Nanotribology IV (Ed. E. LeBourhis, D.J. Morris, M.L. Oyen, R. Schwaier, T. Staedler), vol. 1049 (2008) pp. 15-20.


K.R. Magid, E.T. Lilleodden, N. Tamura, J. Florando, D. Lassila, R. Barabash and J.W. Morris, Jr., “X-ray microdiffraction characterization of deformation heterogeneities in BCC crystals”, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Neutron and X-Ray Scattering as Probes of Multiscale Phenomena, vol. 840 (2005) pp. 181-186.


A.M. Minor, E.T. Lilleodden, E.A. Stach and J.W. Morris, Jr., “A method for extracting quantitative data during in situ nanoindentation”, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 695 (2002) pp. 165-170.


A.M. Minor, E.T. Lilleodden, E.A. Stach and J.W. Morris, Jr., “Observations of surface-related phenomena during in situ nanoindentation in a transmission electron microscope (TEM)”, 2002 TMS Annual Meeting Symposium Proceedings, Surface Engineering: Science and Technology II (Ed. A. Kumar, Y.W. Chung, J.J. Moore, G.L. Doll, K. Yatsui, D.S. Misra), (2002) pp. 305-313.


E.T. Lilleodden, J.A. Zimmerman, S.M. Foiles and W.D. Nix, “An experimental and computational study of the elastic-plastic transition in thin films”, Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings, Dislocations and Deformation Mechanisms in Thin Films and Small Structures, vol. 673 (2001).


A.V. Zagrebelny, E.T. Lilleodden, and C.B. Carter, “Effect of glass composition on mechanical properties of interfaces between alumina and silicate glass,” Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Interfacial Engineering for Optimized Properties (1997). pp. 179-184.


A. Lundkvist, E. Lilleodden, W. Siekhaus, J. Kinney, L. Pruitt, and M. Balooch M., “Viscoelastic properties of healthy human artery measured in saline solution by AFM-based indentation technique, ” Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Thin Films: Stresses and Mechanical Properties VI (1997) pp. 353-358.


A. Strojny, E.T. Lilleodden, G. Wang, J.V. Sivertsen, and W.W. Gerberich, “Effect of film thickness and substrate surface treatment on substrate deformation: DLC on MgO”. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Thin Films: Stresses and Mechanical Properties VI (1997) pp. 281-286.


E.T. Lilleodden, A.V. Zagrebelny, S. Ramamurthy, and C.B. Carter, “Probing silicate/sapphire interfaces with AFM and nanoindentation” Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Thin Films: Stresses and Mechanical Properties VI (1997) pp. 177-182.


S.G. Corcoran, R.J. Colton, E.T. Lilleodden, and W.W. Gerberich, “Nanoindentation studies of yield point phenomena on gold single crystals” Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Thin Films: Stresses and Mechanical Properties VI (1997) pp. 159-164.


A.V. Zagrebelny, J.C. Nelson, E.T. Lilleodden, S. Ramamurthy, and C.B. Carter, “Alumina-silicate glass interfacial properties probed by micromechanical testing techniques” Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Epitaxial Oxide Thin Films II (1996) pp. 103-108.


W.W. Gerberich, E.T. Lilleodden, T.J. Foecke and J.T. Wyrobek, “Dislocation mechanics of point forces”, Proceedings of Micromechanics of Advanced Materials (1995) pp. 29-35.


W.W. Gerberich, S. Venkataraman, J. Nelson, H. Huang, E. Lilleodden, and W. Bonin, “Yield point phenomena and dislocation velocities underneath indentations into BCC crystals” Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Thin Films: Stresses and Mechanical Properties V (1995) pp. 629-44.


R.O. Ritchie, R.H. Dauskardt, W.W. Gerberich, A. Strojny and E.T Lilleodden, “Fracture, fatigue and indentation behaviour of pyrolytic carbon for biomedical applications”, Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings, Mechanical Behavior of Diamond and Other Forms of Carbon (1995) pp. 229-254.


M.P. de Boer, H. Huang, J.C. Nelson, E.T. Lilleodden and W.W. Gerberich, “Cracking mechanisms of fine lines by microwedge scratch testing” Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Materials Reliability in Microelectronics IV (1994) pp. 513-18.